Discussion Guide - Jesus Above Moses (Hebrews 3:1-6)
Monday: Hebrews 3:1-6
Tuesday: Hebrews 3:1-2, 5; Numbers 12:6-8
Wednesday: Exodus 32:11-14
Thursday: Hebrews 3:5; Deuteronomy 18:15-18
Friday: Hebrews 3:6; 10:32-35
Christians must constantly look to Jesus and follow his example of faithfulness.
In Hebrews 2:17, Jesus was referred to as a “faithful high priest”. Now the author reflects on Jesus’ faithfulness by comparing him to an Old Testament model of faithfulness: Moses.
Jesus and Moses are similar in many ways. Both are pioneers who led God’s people out of slavery (2:9-10; 3:16). Both are prophets (Deuteronomy 18:15-18). And both served as an apostle (one sent by God - John 17:18) and high priest (one who represents people before God).
But there are significant differences between them. Comparing the people of God to a house, the author considers Jesus to be the builder of the house that Moses is merely a part of (vv 3-4). And exalted as he is, Moses served God’s house as one inside it (v 5), whereas Jesus serves God’s house as one over it (v 6). Furthermore, Moses’ role was to point to the time of Jesus when God would reveal himself more fully (v 5).
By comparing Jesus and Moses, the author is largely laying the groundwork for the application that follows (3:7-4:13). But there’s application here as well. Because Jesus is our faithful pioneer, we can have confidence that the road he calls us to walk will bring us to glory, regardless of how hard it is in the meantime (v 6). Above all, we’re to “consider Jesus” (v 1), concentrating on and fixing our minds on the one who faithfully endured trials on the way to glory (see 12:1-3).
Hebrews was written to people who had been Christians for a while and who were once very passionate about their faith (see 5:12; 10:32-34). But time and cultural pressures had cooled their enthusiasm. Can you relate to them? How so?
Why is it so important to “consider Jesus” (v 1) when our enthusiasm for him begins to fade? In what ways can Jesus relate to your struggle in those moments?
In practical terms, what does it look like to consider Jesus?
Hebrews 3:1-2 – “Therefore, holy brothers, you who share in a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the apostle and high priest of our confession, who was faithful to him who appointed him, just as Moses also was faithful in all God’s house.”
 In Moses’ day, Aaron technically held the title of High Priest. But Moses often stood out as Israel’s true advocate before God (Exodus 32:11-14; Numbers 14:13-19).